Home Health Diseases Work Stress Associated with The Risk of Heart Attack

Work Stress Associated with The Risk of Heart Attack

Author

Date

Category

Work stress is associated with the risk of heart attack. Various scientific studies have shown over the years the relationship between both situations. We tell you here what is known about it.

Work-related stress is associated with the risk of heart attack worldwide. There is no country or society that escapes this link, which was increasing over time due to new work situations and the maelstrom of the field of work today.

On the other hand, the mortality associated with cardiovascular diseases has not receded, as it is the case with various pathologies. In fact, in recent times there has been an increase of up to 15% in cardiovascular mortality.

In turn, the disability associated with cardiovascular events increased more than tenfold – these are the consequences that remain in people after suffering a heart attack or stroke.

In particular, those workers who carry out their work in stressful areas are exposed to an aggregate risk factor. Some studies record up to 48% higher risk among these people than in the rest of the population.

And the possibility of infarction increases exponentially when the stress meets other conditions such as smoking or obesity. In the long term, working stress is also associated with the risk of heart attack. A stressed worker increases the probability of a coronary event by 15% at 10 years compared to another worker without stress.

Work PressureWhat is work stress?

Something that we have to define first to find the connection between working stress and risk of heart attack is what we understand by a stressful work situation. We know that it does not mean the same for everyone, but there are certain guidelines that allow us to unify the criteria.

Working stress is usually understood as the combination between a high psychological demand of the worker and a low level of control over the situation in which one works. That is, the worker suffers internally for the tasks that must be completed and, nevertheless, finds no mechanism to adapt.

In general, stressed workers are those who consider that many results are required in a short time, lack free spaces for personal fulfillment, perform monotonous tasks and are perceived without a decision about their work.

If the person adapts to these situations he will not suffer stress, but if he is not able to develop efficient defense mechanisms, or is not able to modify his environment, then he breaks. There appear the symptoms of working stress:

  • Depression
  • Tachycardia
  • States of anxiety or anguish
  • Insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Lack of concentration
  • Muscle contracture
  • Woman with work stress

Why is working stress associated with the risk of heart attack?

There are pathophysiological mechanisms that explain why occupational stress is associated with the risk of heart attack. The investigations in this regard have revealed various aspects of higher risk.

First, it has been noted that stressed workers run their lifestyle with other risk factors. For example, they are smokers to a greater extent, consume alcohol frequently or are excessively sedentary. A bad diet also a key reason for the heart attack.

When there is stress, whatever the origin, the cerebral tonsil increases the production of substances that are behind the formation of atheroma plaques in the arteries. In addition, stress instinctively activates the sympathetic nervous system, which releases norepinephrine, increasing the heart rate and closing the arteries.

If the stress causes depression – something that is common – substances in the body such as fibrinogen and tumor necrosis factor increase. These substances are inflammatory and add to the other arteriosclerotic processes.

It is also proven that the stress situations activate the adrenal glands, which release cortisol in the blood. Cortisol, known as the stress hormone, triggers processes that can culminate in cardiac events, as well as favoring obesity and diabetes.

How to reduce the risk of heart attack associated with working stress?

It is not easy to develop strategies that can reduce the risk of heart attack infarction. There are many factors that exceed the workplace itself, and that depends on the worker’s personality or intrinsic issues such as age.

Gymnasium spaces can be raised in the workplace. Besides, regular exercise can reduce any stress and, consequently, cardiovascular risk.

For its part, the stressed worker must establish human containment mechanisms that help him. Friendship and family ties are important to support, especially for depression. The greater the isolation, the greater the spiral of stress.

Relaxation and stress management techniques are proved very useful. They can be taught by employers or be the initiative of the person suffering from the situation.

But, above all, what is required is a double commitment: employers and employees. Both should work together to reduce the risk of heart attack associated with the stress at the workplace. Each one, doing their part, will establish healthier areas.

Bibliographic References:
  • Rosa, Miguel Angel Serrano, Luís Moya Albiol, and Alicia Salvador. “Work stress and health: Cardiovascular and endocrine indicators.” Annals of Psychology / Annals of Psychology 25.1 (2009): 150-159.
  • Orange tree, Diana Lucia Díaz. “Work stress and psychosocial risk factors.” CES Public Health Magazine 2.1 (2011): 80-84.
  • Marmot, J. Siegrist, T. Theorell, A. Feeney Health and the psychosocial environment at work M. Marmot, R. Wilkinson (Eds.), Social determinants of health., Oxford University Press, New York (1999), pp. 105-131.

 

10 COMMENTS

  1. I want to show my respect for your kind-heartedness giving support to individuals who require help on this matter. Your very own dedication to passing the solution up and down has been exceptionally effective and has really helped ladies just like me to attain their pursuits. Your helpful advice indicates much to me and far more to my mates. Thanks a lot; from everyone of us.

  2. Greetings from Carolina! I’m bored to death at work
    so I decided to browse your site on my iphone during lunch break.
    I really like the information you provide here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.
    I’m surprised at how quick your blog loaded on my phone
    .. I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, superb blog!

  3. Hiya, I am really glad I have found this information. Today bloggers publish just about gossip and net stuff and this is really irritating. A good website with exciting content, that’s what I need. Thanks for making this website, and I will be visiting again. Do you do newsletters by email?

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Linda Barbara

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Vestibulum imperdiet massa at dignissim gravida. Vivamus vestibulum odio eget eros accumsan, ut dignissim sapien gravida. Vivamus eu sem vitae dui.

Recent posts

Couple Therapy Helps in Building Strong and Stable Relation

When couples are habituated to drugs or alcohol, the entire family is affected. There is an increase in consumption by both parties as no...

7 Effective Benefits of Flaxseeds

Flaxseed, an almighty cereal, has the necessary nutrients for humans. The benefits of flaxseed are very interesting and its properties are beneficial to our...

Sudden Weight Loss: What can be The Reasons?

Sudden weight loss is a sign that alerts us to possible health problems. In the case of the most serious diseases, losing weight is...

7 Valuable Tips to Maintain Good Health

Pay attention Focusing on the present, without judging how we feel and what we think, can be a liberating and healthy practice. Studies show that tuning in...

Unknown Things A Speech Therapist Can Help to Resolve

Speech therapy is assumed to help kids with autism or with a lisp. After brain injury or stroke, speech therapy helps communication rehabilitation. Can...

Recent comments