Awareness of our health condition can save us from many diseases, but we are not always aware of that.
Having a healthy diet and performing any type of physical activity is the basis for leading a healthy life. However, there are some levels in the body that rise silently and can be indicators of fatal diseases.
It is advisable to carry out a general medical check-up at least once a year to know our general health status since there are different types of health conditions that we cannot measure with only a scale or a measuring tape.
Cholesterol, triglycerides or glucose are significant indicators of what is missing or leftover in the body. So, discover these 7 signs to know your health status.
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is a type of fat found in human body cells. The body uses cholesterol to produce hormones, vitamin D and helps digest food.
It is not necessary to consume cholesterol, because the body produces everything it needs. But high cholesterol levels are the main cause of heart attacks. Any type of fried food, some dairy products, red meat and in general fatty foods increase cholesterol.
The ideal cholesterol levels in the body should be less than 100 LDL. Between 100 and 129 is not bad but you have to take care of it. If the level is between 130 to 159, then it means the cholesterol level is high. The number between 160 to 180 is very high and more than 190 is extremely high.
The levels vary according to the age and lifestyle of each person, but it is important to know those conditions through an analysis.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
The Body Mass Index measures body fat based on height and weight. The higher the BMI, the higher the risks of heart diseases, stroke, hypertension and diabetes.
Unlike cholesterol, BMI can be calculated with a simple operation by dividing weight in kilograms by the square of height in meters (BMI = weight (kg)/height (m2)).
If the BMI is lower than 18.5, it means that you have a lower weight than normal and you have to pay attention to it. The number between 18.5 to 24.9 is the ideal. In addition, 25 to 29.9 is an indication of overweight and more than 30 means obesity.
More than an aesthetic goal, the accumulation of fat around the waist leads to heart diseases, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes. Having an apple-like body, where fat accumulates in the center, is more risky than having a pear-like body, in which fat accumulates around the hip.
The ideal circumference and out of risk is less than 94 centimeters in male and 81.5 in female persons, although it can vary depending on height.
It is a measure of the amount of fat in the waist, hips, and buttocks. You can calculate your using a tape measure. It is measured at hip circumference in the widest part of the buttocks and waist circumference just above the navel.
To obtain the index, the waist circumference is divided by the hip circumference. The healthy level for women is 0.80 or less and for men 0.90 or less.
It is usual to confuse triglycerides with cholesterol, but they are not the same. They are the main type of fat in the blood and their excess increases the risk of heart diseases. The clogged coronary artery is the most common disease among those.
Triglycerides are measured in mg/dL and the ideal is to keep them below 150. 150-199 is the limit, 200 to 499 are high levels and more than 500 is extremely high.
Blood pressure usually increases with age, but it does not always happen. High blood pressure is known as hypertension and is a silent condition that can end in a heart attack. Although less common, low blood pressure is also not normal and is known as hypotension.
Blood pressure is measured with two numbers: systolic and diastolic blood pressure, one above the other and they are expressed as follows: 120/80, which is a healthy number.
120+/80+ are above normal numbers, 130+/80+ is stage 1 of hypertension, 140+/90+ stage 2 of hypertension and 180+/120 + is an emergency situation that requires immediate medical attention.
When the body does not process insulin or does not respond well to it, glucose builds up in the blood, damaging blood vessels, nerves and causing diabetes.
Like triglycerides, glucose levels are measured in mg / dL and the ideal is to keep them below 100. The number between 100 and 125 is a symptom of prediabetes and more than 126 is a diabetic person level.
Although some of the levels can be measured at home, it is always best to visit a doctor. But if not then it may put your health at risk.