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10 Common Risk Factor for Health Issues in Today’s Workplace

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World Health Organization illustrates that health is a complete physical, mental, and social well-being, which depicts a vital issue in the workplace because employees are the prime asset for the employers or organization. 

The concept of a healthy workspace is not new, but it is evolving as the work-related stress causes a lot of damage in employees. Organizations are keenly focused on the factors which are associated with their work and employees. 

In a job research prospect, a workplace’s environment and culture is the foremost priority of a job seeker. Almost every person spends more time at their workspace instead of their homes. It indicates that their health directly depends on the quality of their worksite environment. 

Nowadays, essaylab’s workplace exemplifies the healthy ergonomics of modern offices.  It also demonstrates that the quality of a healthy workplace is a hot topic among the recruiters and the workforce because they are both cautious about their health. They show great concern in the quality and safety of health. 

Eventually, every organization either introduces new health policies or improves the existing programs to offer the best quality of health to their employees. Improvement and productivity are not possible in an unhealthy environment.

Moreover, here are some common health-related risk factors in a worksite:

Sedentary Lifestyle: Sedentary lifestyle is the main factor linked with health issues because a physically inactive person is more prone to diseases. Lack of physical activity not only affects the body strength but also causes weight-related problems along joints and muscle pains as a result of the wrong posture. 

The human body cannot tolerate static load for a long time because it is unhealthy, and employees will suffer from chronic sickness. The introduction of a small gym or an indoor game boosts the morale of the whole team.

Inadequate Diet: Inadequate dietary intake can deteriorate the health in the workplace. It happens due to the unavailability of healthy and hygienic meal options at the worksite or short time for a meal break. Today’s workplaces mostly offer junk foods and carbonated beverages high in calories but fail to provide essential nutrients and cause chronic illness. 

Communicable Diseases: In the workplace, infectious diseases spread rates are high due to the packed cultural surrounding. People come to their offices even if they are sick due to their work duties and hence, infect more people, affecting productivity and increasing the chances of absentees in the workforce.  

Obesity: People who are bound to desk jobs are at high risk of getting obese. In today’s workplace, people usually live a sedentary lifestyle, which makes the obese due to the absence of physical activity. Obesity is linked with other chronic diseases such as hypertension, type II diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases.  

Excessive Workload: Work balance is the key to social and mental well-being, but heavy workload can trigger physical health problems and psychological problems. Workers are prompted to do long shifts and extra work but work productivity and quality are decreased, which increased the pressure on workers due to downsizing, fear of job security, and an uncertain economy that directly affects employees’ health. 

Mental Illness: Mental illness is the most critical risk factor associated with health because it tells the overall quality of life. Most people overlook it and avoid seeking any psychological help from the start until it gets worse, and unhealthy worksite can cause more damage. Work stress, high job demands, financial issues, and discrimination can negatively affect mental well-being.

Workplace Violence: People usually misunderstood violence as only physical assault, but workplace violence is broader than they think. It includes harassment, bullying, aggressive behavior, verbal and physical abuse, which causes emotional discomfort in the employees and causes conflicts in them, which decreases the efficiency of work.

Social Isolation: Social isolation is a significant risk factor that affects health. A person cannot join most family gatherings due to their workload and fixed working hours, directly affecting his social and mental health. If the workplace fails to offer respect, social connectivity, satisfaction, and civility, it triggers frustration, and people end up in isolation.

Material Hazards: Industrial workforce can undergo long term physical damage due to continuous exposure of different chemicals such as lead, benzene, asbestos, and many more toxins that act as carcinogens that have harmful impacts on health.

Physical Safety: Some employees, such as electricians, equipment operators, or warehouse workers, experience unintentional injuries due to mishandling their equipment. So, physical safety affects health in various ways and can increase the organization’s expenditure on compensation claims for the affected employee. 

Health associated risk factors can have a harmful influence on health quality. Promoting workplace health is a tiresome challenge which requires tremendous efforts and amendments to enhance the quality of life by spreading the awareness to reduce the health risks. 

Employers should introduce a series of strategies, take initiatives, and start health programs to increase and maintain health standards by minimizing the absentees due to health epidemics. 

The systematic approach regarding health promotion program consists of the following steps:

1: Health assessments– Assess all the risk factors which directly or indirectly deteriorate health.

2: Planning and Management– Carefully plan and commence the initiative to pursue the organizational goals.

3: Implementation– Thoroughly execute the program for the betterment of workers

4: Evaluation– Evaluate the program outcomes and impacts; it is essential to assess the sustainability of policies and how employees reacted to those programs. 

The research prospect of office ergonomics is tremendous and is rapidly evolving too. It also signifies the role of the employer in ensuring the safety and health of the employee.

Organizations should work on physical fitness, nutrition, workplace ethics, strict yet friendly rules, and regulations. A healthy workforce can incredibly reduce organizations’ direct and indirect costs and positively impact work productivity. Health-promoting programs are equally useful for employers and employees. 

Healthy workers are confident, efficient, and productive; on the other hand, organizations create a positive and caring image and reduce workforce turnover with reduced absenteeism. Health promotion is a joined effort of employers and employees because they both get the benefits. They do not jeopardize the health of their co-workers.

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